Gruit Ale with Kveik
Brewed on 8 January 2018 in Plummer’s Hollow.
Though this is by no means an attempt to recreate a Norwegian farmhouse ale, as documented by the independent researcher and beer blogger extraordinaire Lars Marius Garshol—the reason why craft brewers now have access to this unique strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae—I was guided by his and others’ reports of the use of juniper in Scandinavian brewing, where it’s not so much the “berries” (seed cones) that are used as the fresh twigs and branches, often layered into the lauter tun in large quantities. Luckily for me, I have a large juniper tree right outside my door!
But is eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana), a North American native, really that similar to the common juniper (Juniperus communis) of Europe? Well, it’s close enough for the cones to be used in gin production, so that’s good enough for me. Also, the wood’s legendary resistance to rot and insects suggests that it should have strong anti-microbial properties in beer, which is kind of what you want in a “hop substitute” — which is probably why the use of J. communis is so common in the Baltic region.
|Batch Size||Boil Time||IBU||SRM||Est. OG||Est. FG||ABV|
|5 gal||60 min||0.0 IBUs||9.9 SRM||1.053||1.011||5.6 %|
|Pale 2-Row - US||7 lbs||70|
|Caramel/Crystal 60 - US||1 lbs||10|
|Rye - US||1 lbs||10|
|Smoked Malt - US||1 lbs||10|
|eastern red cedar twigs, freshly pruned||32.00 oz||0 min||Mash||Other|
|yarrow tops, dried||2.00 oz||0 min||Boil||Other|
|mugwort leaves, dried||1.50 oz||0 min||Boil||Other|
|sweetfern leaves, dried||1.50 oz||0 min||Boil||Other|
|Sigmund's Voss Kveik||80%||64°F - 69°F|
|One of the herbal beers I typically make, but using the yeast (kveik) from Norwegian farmhouse beer. I kept the primary temperature around 80F, and it was ready to bottle in three days! It tasted nice: tart, somewhat citrusy. A perfect background for juniper (eastern red cedar) and sweetfern. The juniper went in the mash; I added the yarrow and mugwort at the beginning of the boil, mainly for bitterness, and the sweetfern ten minutes before flame-out.
|Download this recipe's BeerXML file|
Sigmund’s Voss Kveik yeast is a single strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae isolated from a sample of kveik generously provided by Sigmund Gjernes via Lars Garshol (click here for Lars’ blog).
Traditionally used in the production of Norwegian Farmhouse Ale, this strain is a fast fermenter with good attenuation, a light earthy spiciness, marked tartness and unique ester profile of orange peel. This strain is prone to forming incredibly large flocs unlike any other yeast we’ve seen before, yet still remains highly attenuative. Sigmund’s Voss Kveik also exhibits the ability to ferment wort over a large temperature range, 70 – 100 ºF, without major changes to the flavor profile or production of any harsh phenolics or fusel alchohols.
This yeast will exhibit a slightly more restrained ester profile and ferment a little slower at cooler fermentation temperatures, and quickly produce a drier beer with a slightly more pronounced ester profile at warmer fermentation temperatures. We highly recommend taking this into the high end of temperature range, 90-100 ºF.